US Post Office, 1789 to 1875

Assistant Postmasters General

Don Heller, 10 February 2018






Titles and initial dates
The duties assigned to each assistant changed over time, as the General Post Office grew and was frequently reorganized.  The major offices were Appointments, Contracts, Finance, and Inspection.  The Appointments Office was the focus of political patronage, and the Contracts Office of financial corruption.


date
First / Senior
Second / Junior
Third
ref
1782, 1/28
James Bryson


journals
1789, 10/5
Jonathan Burrall


[B]
1792
(Prosper Wetmore)


news
1792
Charles Burrall


PGR
1800
Abraham Bradley, jr.

PGR
1802, 2/12
Abraham Bradley, jr.

OR
1810
Abraham Bradley, jr. Seth Pease
PGR
1813, 3/3
Abraham Bradley, jr. Seth Pease
OR
1816, 9/30
Abraham Bradley, jr. Seth Pease
OR
1817, 9/30
Abraham Bradley, jr. Seth Pease

OR
1818
Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
PGR
1819, 9/30
Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
OR
1820
Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
NC
1821, 9/30
Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
OR
1822
Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
NC
1823, 9/30
Abraham Bradley, jr.
Phineas Bradley
OR
1824
Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
NC
1825, 9/30
Abraham Bradley Phineas Bradley
OR
1827, 9/30
Abraham Bradley
Phineas Bradley

OR
1828
Abraham Bradley Phineas Bradley
NC
1829
Abraham Bradley Phineas Bradley
NC
1829, 9/30
Charles K. Gardner Selah R. Hobbie
(Obadiah B. Brown) OR
1829-30
Charles K. Gardner Selah R. Hobbie (Obadiah B. Brown) CD
1830, 5
Charles K. Gardner Selah R. Hobbie (Obadiah B. Brown) ASP p.254-256
1831, 9/30
Charles K. Gardner Selah R. Hobbie (Obadiah B. Brown)
OR
1833, 9/30
Charles K. Gardner Selah R. Hobbie (Obadiah B. Brown) OR
1835, 9/30
Charles K. Gardner
Selah R. Hobbie (Robert Johnston)
OR
1836, 7
Selah R. Hobbie Robert Johnston Daniel Coleman [A]
1837, 9/30
Selah R. Hobbie
Robert Johnston
Daniel Coleman OR
1838
Selah R. Hobbie Robert Johnston Daniel Coleman CD
1839, 9/30
Selah R. Hobbie Robert Johnston
Daniel Coleman
OR
1840
Selah R. Hobbie Robert Johnston Daniel Coleman CD, W
1841
Selah R. Hobbie Philo C. Fuller John S. Skinner CD
1841, 9/30
Selah R. Hobbie Philo C. Fuller
John S. Skinner OR
1842
Selah R. Hobbie Philo C. Fuller John S. Skinner W
1843, 9/30
Selah R. Hobbie John A. Bryan
John S. Skinner
OR
1843-44
Selah R. Hobbie J. Washington Tyson John S. Skinner CD
1844
Selah R. Hobbie John S. Skinner N. Miller H.rp.
1845, 9/30
Selah R. Hobbie William Medill
N.M. Miller
OR
1846
Selah R. Hobbie William J. Brown N.M. Miller CD
1847, 9/30
Selah R. Hobbie William J. Brown
John Marron OR
1849, 9/30
Selah R. Hobbie Fitz Henry Warren John Marron OR
1851, 9/30
Solomon D. Jacobs
Fitz Henry Warren
John Marron OR
1853, 9/30
Selah R. Hobbie
William H. Dundas John Marron OR
1855, 9/30
Horatio King William H. Dundas John Marron OR
1857, 7/13
Horatio King William H. Dundas John Marron LPO
1857, 9/30
Horatio King William H. Dundas John Marron
OR
1859, 4/1
Horatio King William H. Dundas Alexander N. Zevely LPO
1859, 9/30
Horatio King
William H. Dundas
Alexander N. Zevely OR
1861, 9/30
John A. Kasson
George W. McLellan Alexander N. Zevely OR
1862, 11
Alexander W. Randall George W. McLellan Alexander N. Zevely Blue Book
1863, 9/30
Alexander W. Randall
George W. McLellan Alexander N. Zevely
OR
1865, 9/30
Alexander W. Randall
George W. McLellan Alexander N. Zevely OR
1866, 10/1
Alexander W. Randall George W. McLellan Alexander N. Zevely LPO
1867, 9/30
St. John B.L. Skinner
George W. McLellan
Alexander N. Zevely
OR
1869

Giles A. Smith
[C]
1869, 3/29
George Earle



1869, 4/16


(A.H. Markland)

1869, 9/30
James W. Marshall Giles A. Smith
W.H.H. Terrell OR
1870, 9/1
James W. Marshall Giles A. Smith W.H.H. Terrell LPO
1871, 9/30
James W. Marshall John L. Routt W.H.H. Terrell
OR
1873, 9/30
James W. Marshall John L. Routt
E.W. Barber OR
1874
James H. Marr, acting



1875, 9/30
James W. Marshall
James N. Tyner E.W. Barber
OR
1876, 11/4
James H. Marr, acting Thomas J. Brady E.W. Barber PGR 1876
1877, 9/30
James N. Tyner
Thomas J. Brady
A.D. Hazen
OR
etc.






Legal basis (not a complete list)


References
[A] Organization of the Post Office Department under the Act of July 2, 1836,
Niles' Weekly Register, Aug. 6, 1836, p. 386, http://books.google.com/books?id=ln0FAAAAQAAJ
same, in the Report of the Postmaster General, Dec. 6, 1836, http://books.google.com/books?id=K4cFAAAAQAAJ
same, in Table of Post Offices, 1837, http://books.google.com/books?id=ZPsCAAAAYAAJ

[B] Elisha Whittlesey, Post Office Facilities, The American Pioneer, Cincinnati, Jan. 1843, vol. 2, p. 460-463 (link).

[C] The Proper Agents of Reform, The Chicago Tribune, May 24, 1872, http://archives.chicagotribune.com/...
Chorpenning Again, The Chicago Tribune, Aug. 19, 1872, http://archives.chicagotribune.com/...
The Chorpenning Case, The Telegraph, Houston, Texas, Aug. 29, 1872, http://texashistory.unt.edu/...

[D] Charles S. Bradley, A Sketch of the Bradleys of Washington, 1902, http://archive.org/details/sketchofbradleys00lcbrad
same, The Bradley Family and the Times in which they Lived, 1902, http://books.google.com/books?id=Bfo7AAAAIAAJ
Abraham and Phineas Bradley, in A Biographical History of the County of Litchfield, Connecticut, 1851, p. 154-160, http://books.google.com/books?id=b_EnAQAAMAAJ

[E] The Philadelphia Directory, 1791, p. 158.  (Evans 23205)
The staff of the General Post Office, now located in Philadelphia at 9 So. Water St., consisted of Samuel Osgood, Postmaster General, still residing in New York; Jonathan Burrall, Assistant Postmaster General; and Charles Burrall, Clerk.

[F] Letter of PMG, W.T. Barry, Jan. 1, 1835, in Examination of the Post Office, Feb. 13, 1835, 277 H.rp. 103, p. 851-864.  This contains an extensive description of duties assigned to the Assistant PMG's, clerks, etc.; with the organizational structures in 1831, 1833 and 1835.

See the Postmasters General file and the Official Register file for further references.




Salaries of Persons Employed at Washington, 468 H.rp. 200, Mar. 3, 1845.
1851, Table of Post Offices; General Post Office; internal dates Jan. 1, May 31, July 1
1851, Eli Bowen, The United States Post-Office Guide, similar list

1852, Laws and Regulations




The state listed with each person is the state from which they were appointed, from the Official Register; often the state of birth is different.

E.W. [Edward Wilmot] Barber, 1828 - 1928, Michigan
Abraham Bradley, Jr., 1767 - 1838, Connecticut
Phineas Bradley, 1769 - 1845, Connecticut
Thomas J. Brady, 1839 - 1904, Indiana
Obadiah B. Brown
William J. [John] Brown, 1805 - 1857, Indiana
John A. [Alexander] Bryan, 1794 - 1864, Ohio, b. Massachusetts
James [Noble] Bryson, 1744 - 1813
Charles Burrall, 1762 - 1836
Jonathan Burrall, 1753 - 1834
Daniel Coleman, North Carolina
William H. Dundas, Virginia
George Earle, 1821-1899, Maryland
John Foxcroft, assistant PMG, 1761 to 1774

Philo C. [Case] Fuller, 1787 - 1855, Michigan, New York
Charles K. [Kitchell] Gardner, 1787 - 1869, New Jersey
A. [Abraham] D. Hazen, Pennsylvania
Selah Reeve Hobbie, 1797 - 1854, New York
Solomon D. Jacobs, 1795 - ?, Tennessee
Robert Johnston, Pennsylvania
John A. [Adam] Kasson, 1822 - 1910, Iowa
Horatio King, 1811 - 1897, Maine
A.H. [Absalom Hanks] Markland, 1825 - 1888
James H. Marr, circa 1811 - before 1900, Maryland
John Marron, ? - 1859, Georgia (born in Ireland)
James W. [William] Marshall, 1822 - 1910, New Jersey
George W. [William] McLellan, 1803 - 1877, Massachusetts
William Medill, 1802-1865, Delaware/Ohio
N.M. Miller, Ohio
Seth Pease, 1764-1819, Connecticut
Alexander W. [Williams] Randall, 1819 - 1872, Wisconsin
John L. [Long] Routt, 1826 - 1907, Illinois
John S. [Stuart] Skinner, 1788 - 1851, Maryland
St. John B.L. Skinner, 1797 - 1872, New York
Giles A. Smith, 1829 - 1876, Illinois
W. [William] H.H. Terrell, 1827 - 1884, Indiana
James N. [Noble] Tyner, 1826 - 1904, Indiana
J. [Joseph] Washington Tyson, 1811 - 1860, Pennsylvania
Fitz Henry Warren, 1816 - 1878, Iowa
Prosper Wetmore
Alexander N. Zevely, 1814 - 1888, North Carolina



There were four other positions of importance, just below the level of Assistant Postmaster General.

Superintendent of Foreign Mails, Joseph H. Blackfan, from 1869 to 1883
Superintendent of the Money-Order System, Charles F. Macdonald, from 1864 to 1893 Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office Department; later, Sixth Auditor [of the Treasury Dept., for the Post Office Dept.]
Postmaster, Washington City, District of Columbia



Last changed 10 February 2018

Timeline of Philatelic Literature, 1830-1875

Valid HTML 4.01
        Transitional